How to Install LibreNMS Monitoring Tool with Nginx on CentOS 7

LibreNMS is an open source monitoring tool based on PHP/MYSQL/SNMP. It’s a fully featured network monitoring system that provides support for wide range of network hardware and operating systems including, FreeBSD, Cisco, Linux, HP, and more.

In this tutorial, we will show you how to install and configure LibreNMS using Nginx as the web server and MariaDB as the database. We’ll be using CentOS 7 server as our main server.

What we will do

  1. Install required packages
  2. Install Nginx Web server
  3. Install and configure PHP-FPM
  4. Install and configure MariaDB
  5. Download and configure LibreNMS
  6. LibreNMS web based Installation
  7. Final configuration

Prerequisite

  • CentOS 7 Server
  • Root privileges

Step 1 – Install required packages

Before installing LibreNMS on the server, we need to install some packages, including ImageMagick, rrdtool, SNMP, git, and more. The following command should do the needful:

yum -y install net-snmp ImageMagick jwhois nmap mtr rrdtool MySQL-python net-snmp-utils cronie fping git

If everything goes fine, proceed to the next step.

Step 2 – Install Nginx Web server

In this step, we will install epel-repository for nginx web server installation. The EPEL (Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux) repository is an additional repository for rpm based OS’ including CentOS 7.

Install the EPEL repository using the yum command below.

yum -y install epel-release

Now install nginx.

yum -y install nginx

After nginx installation, start the service and enable it to run automatically at boot time using the following systemctl commands.

systemctl start nginx
systemctl enable nginx

So the Nginx web server has been installed on the system from the EPEL repository.

Start and check Nginx web server

Step 3 – Install and configure PHP-FPM

Before we proceed, here is some information worth sharing:

We will be using PHP-FPM version 7 for the LibreNMS installation. All PHP 7 packages for CentOS 7 are available on third-party repository, and we will be using the PHP 7 version from the ‘webtatic’ repository.

So let’s begin.

Add PHP 7 webtatic repository to the system using the following rpm command.

rpm -Uvh https://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el7/webtatic-release.rpm

Install PHP 7 and all the extensions needed from the wetatic repository using yum.

yum -y install php70w php70w-cli php70w-gd php70w-mysql php70w-snmp php70w-pear php70w-curl php70w-common php70w-fpm php70w-mcrypt

Now update the PEAR repository and install some PEAR (PHP Extension and Application Repository) extensions using the pear command.

pear channel-update pear.php.net
pear install Net_IPv4-1.3.4
pear install Net_IPv6-1.2.2b2

Install some pear packages

So this way you can install all the required PHP packages.

Next, configure PHP-FPM for LibreNMS installation. We need to define the default timezone in the php.ini file and make sure the timezone matches with the current timezone used by the system. You can check the current timezone used by your system through the following command.

timedatectl

The following screenshot shows the above command in action:

use timedatectl command

So we’re using ‘Europe/Paris‘ timezone.

Now, edit the ‘/etc/php.ini’ file using vim.

vim /etc/php.ini

Next, uncomment the ‘date.timezone’ line and give a value with the server timezone ‘Europe/Paris’.

data.timezone = Europe/Paris

Similarly, uncomment the cgi line and change the value to ‘0‘.

cgi.fix_pathinfo=0

That’s it. Now save the changes and exit the editor.

Next up, we need to define how the PHP-FPM is running on the system. In our case, PHP-FPM will be running under the ‘sock’ file instead of the server port.

Edit the ‘www.conf’ file with vim to configure the PHP-FPM.

vim /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf

Change the ‘listen’ port line to the sock file as below.

listen = /var/run/php-fpm/php7.0-fpm.sock

Uncomment the ‘listen’ line for owner, group and the permission of the sock file as configuration below.

listen.owner = nginx
listen.group = nginx
listen.mode = 0660

That’s it. Now save the changes and exit the editor.

So PHP-FPM configuration is now complete. Start the service and enable it to run automatically at the boot time using the following commands.

systemctl start php-fpm
systemctl enable php-fpm

Now PHP-FPM is running under the sock file. You can check it with the netstat command.

netstat -pl | grep php

Check if PHP is running

Make sure you have the result of the ‘/var/run/php-fpm/php7.0-fpm.sock’ file.

Step 4 – Install and configure MariaDB

LibreNMS is using the MySQL database to store all data. For this guide, we will be using MariaDB database version. It’s available in the repository, and we need to install and add some configuration for LibreNMS installation, including adding the database and user for LibreNMS.

Install MariaDB using yum command below.

yum -y install mariadb mariadb-server

Start MariaDB service and enable it to start automatically at the boot time.

systemctl start mariadb
systemctl enable mariadb

Setup MariaDB database

Now configure the MariaDB root password using the ‘mysql_secure_installation’ command below.

mysql_secure_installation

You will be asked about the new root password for MariaDB database along with some other questions.

Type ‘Y’ and press Enter to confirm.

Set root password? [Y/n] Y
Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] Y
Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] Y
Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] Y
Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] Y

So MariaDB has been installed. Now we need to create a new database and a new user for LibreNMS. Login to the mysql shell command-line using mysql client and with your new password.

mysql -u root -p

Create a new database named ‘librenms‘, a new user ‘librenms‘ with password ‘hakase-labs123‘.

Create all of it using MySQL queries below.

CREATE DATABASE librenms CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci;
CREATE USER ‘librenms’@’localhost’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘hakase-labs123’;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON librenms.* TO ‘librenms’@’localhost’;
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

A new user and database for LibreNMS installation have been created.

Add librenms MySQL user

Now you need to edit the my.cnf file to add new mysql configuration. Edit the ‘/etc/my.cnf’ file using vim.

vim /etc/my.cnf

Paste following additional configuration under the ‘[mysqld]‘ section.

innodb_file_per_table=1
sql-mode=""
lower_case_table_names=0

Save and exit vim, and then restart the mariadb server.

systemctl restart mariadb

Configure MariaDB settings

Step 5 – Download and configure LibreNMS

In this step, we will configure the system for LibreNMS installation.

– Add user and download LibreNMS source code

Create a new system user named ‘librenms’, then define the home directory for the user on ‘/opt/librenms’ directory, and finally add the ‘librenms’ user to ‘nginx’ group.

useradd librenms -d /opt/librenms -M -r
usermod -a -G librenms nginx

Go to the ‘/opt/’ directory and download the LibreNMS source code using git clone command as below.

cd /opt/
git clone https://github.com/librenms/librenms.git librenms

Install LibreNMS

Create a new directory for LibreNMS logs and rrd files.

mkdir -p /opt/librenms/logs/
mkdir -p /opt/librenms/rrd/
chmod 775 /opt/librenms/rrd/

Now change the ownership of all files and directories under ‘/opt/librenms’ directory to the ‘librenms’ user and group.

chown -R librenms:librenms /opt/librenms/

Create directories

– Configure LibreNMS virtual host

LibreNMS is a Web-based application and we are using a Nginx web server to host it.

Create a new virtual host file ‘librenms.conf’ under nginx ‘conf.d’ directory.

vim /etc/nginx/conf.d/librenms.conf

Paste configuration below.

server 

    # Add your own domain name
    listen      80;
    server_name librenms.irsyadf.me;

    # LibreNMS Webroot directory
    root        /opt/librenms/html;
    index       index.php;

    # LibreNMS logs
    access_log  /opt/librenms/logs/access_log;
    error_log   /opt/librenms/logs/error_log;
   
    # Enabling Gzip compression on Nginx
    charset utf-8;
    gzip on;
    gzip_types text/css application/javascript text/javascript application/x-javascript image/svg+xml text/plain text/xsd text/xsl text/xml image/x-icon;
   
    location /
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;
   
   
    location /api/v0
        try_files $uri $uri/ /api_v0.php?$query_string;
   

    # PHP-FPM handle all .php files requests
    location ~ .php
        include fastcgi.conf;
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+.php)(/.+)$;
        fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php-fpm/php7.0-fpm.sock;
   
 
    location ~ /.ht
        deny all;
   

That’s it. Now save and exit Vim.

Test nginx configuration and make sure there is no error. Then restart the webserver.

nginx -t
systemctl restart nginx

– Firewalld configuration

Make sure the firewalld packages are installed on your system. If not, you can install firewalld using the following yum command.

yum -y install firewalld

Start firewalld and enable it to run at boot time using the following systemctl commands.

systemctl start firewalld
systemctl enable firewalld

Configure the Firewall

Open new HTTP, HTTPS and the SNMP port 161/udp using the firewall-cmd command as shown below.

firewall-cmd –add-service=http –permanent
firewall-cmd –add-service=https –permanent
firewall-cmd –add-port=161/udp –permanent

Apply the configuration by reloading firewalld, and check all services.

firewall-cmd –reload
firewall-cmd –list-all

Make sure HTTP and HTTPS services are on the list.

Step 6 – LibreNMS web-based installation

Open your web browser and type LibreNMS URL on the address bar.

http://librenms.hakase-labs.me/

You will be redirected to the installation page ‘install.php’.

– Check PHP Module support

Make sure all required php modules and extensions are installed on the system.

LibreNMS web based installer

Then click ‘Next Stage’ to continue.

– Database Configuration

Type the database details below:

  1. DB User: ‘librenms
  2. DB Name: ‘librenms
  3. DB Pass: ‘hakase-labs123

Configure the database

And click ‘Next Stage’ to continue.

– Import MySQL Database

Do not close the installation page as it’ll be displaying database import. Make sure there are no errors.

Import MySQL database scheme

When the process is complete, click ‘Goto Add User’ to add new admin user.

– Add Admin User

Type your admin user, email, and password.

Add the admin user

Click ‘Add User’ to continue with the installation.

– Generate config file

Generate the config file

Click the ‘Generate Config’ button, and you will see a page similar to the following.

Config file settings

Copy the php code that’s there in the box, and create a new ‘config.php’ file in the ‘/opt/librenms/’ directory.

cd /opt/librenms/
vim config.php

Paste in the new file the code you just copied, and then save and and exit the editor. Now change the ownership permissions of the config.php file to the ‘librenms’ user and group.

chown librenms:librenms config.php

Save the config file on the shell

Come back to your browser and click the ‘Finish Install’ button present on the bottom of the page. You will get to see a welcome message similar to the following.

LibreNMS Monitoring Tool has been installed

At this stage, we are done with the web based installation. Back to the terminal/shell and add more configuration.

Step 7 – Final configuration

At this step, we will add some configuration for our LibreNMS installation.

– Define fping Command

Define the ‘fping’ command by editing the LibreNMS config file. Goto the ‘/opt/librenms/’ directory and edit the config.php file using the vim editor.

cd /opt/librenms/
vim config.php

Add the following line to the bottom of the file.

$config['fping'] = "/usr/sbin/fping";

Save and exit the editor.

– SNMP Configuration

Backup default snmp.conf file on the ‘/etc/snmp/’ directory and copy new one from the librenms directory.

mv /etc/snmp/snmpd.conf /etc/snmp/snmpd.conf.asli
cp /opt/librenms/snmpd.conf.example /etc/snmp/snmpd.conf

Edit the new configuration.

vim /etc/snmp/snmpd.conf

Change the text ‘RANDOMSTRINGGOESHERE’ with your own community name as below.

com2sec readonly  default         hakaselabs

That’s it. Save and exit Vim.

Set random string

Next, download the librenms-agent script for detecting which operating system you have added. If you add Linux OS, the script will detect the specific Linux distribution as well.

Download the script using curl and make it executable.

curl -o /usr/bin/distro https://raw.githubusercontent.com/librenms/librenms-agent/master/snmp/distro
chmod +x /usr/bin/distro

Now restart the SNMP service using the following systemctl command.

systemctl restart snmpd

– Configure Logrotate for LibreNMS

LibreNMS provides configuration for the logrotate configuration, and it’s in the ‘/opt/librenms/misc’ directory.

Copy the sample of configuration to the ‘/etc/logrotate.d’ directory.

cp misc/librenms.logrotate /etc/logrotate.d/librenms

– LibreNMS cronjob configuration

Go to the ‘opt/librenms’ directory and copy the crontab script ‘librenms.nonroot.cron’ file to the ‘cron.d’ directory.

cd /opt/librenms/
cp librenms.nonroot.cron /etc/cron.d/librenms

Wait a few minutes for the script to run automatically.

– Validate LibreNMS Configuration

To verify the installation, use the validate.php script. Go to the ‘/opt/librenms/’ directory and run the script.

cd /opt/librenms/
./validate.php

Assuming you encounter no errors, you should see an output similar to the following:

Validate the setup

So this completes LibreNMS Installation with Nginx web server on CentOS 7.

Reference

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